If you spot any of these insects, you can remove them with a hot and soapy cloth or with a mild insecticide. Lower leaves fall off when there is excess water in the soil. The larva of the carpenter worm burrows under the bark of the fig and can kill entire branches. They have been cultivated for thousands of years with remnants having been found in Neolithic excavations dating back to 5,000 B.C. Fiddle leaf figs require bright light, not direct sun. Pest #3: Gnats. The usual: mealybugs, aphids, spider mites, and scale. Do the leaves of your FLF resemble a green and brown dalmatian? Use a simple pump action sprayer to help clean houseplant leaves and raise the humidity around plants like ferns, orchids and bromeliads. What's lost is lost. A fiddle-leaf fig tree is even more finicky than you thought. Next, lay the plant on its side and gently remove the pot. The key to fig tree pest control is learning how to identify common fig tree pests. Propagating a Fiddle Leaf Fig. Watering can prove challenging to even the proudest houseplant owners, especially when it comes to members of the ficus family. Insects feed off Fiddle Leaf Figs, often visible on either the leaves or stem. Simply insert your finger into the top 2 inches of soil. Adding marigolds around the tree should help too. Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Stay clear of the sprayed area for at least 12 hours and do not harvest any figs for three days. For instance, the fig tree borer lays its eggs near the base of a branch and then the resulting larvae hatch and tunnel into the tree. These quirky plants don’t need soil, but they can’t live on air alone. No need to use coconut oil as you may have heard — this method can actually suffocate the leaves over time. These rooms we love prove this versatile statement tree works in virtually any space. For instance, the fig tree borer lays its eggs near the base of … Other pests found on fig trees include: Carpenter worm; Darkling ground beetle; Dried fruit beetle; Earwig; Freeman sap beetle; Confused sap beetle; Fig beetle; Fig mite; Fig scale; Fig tree borer; Navel orangeworm; Fig Tree Pest Control. They feed on the underside of the fig leaves, which causes them to brown and drop. However, in their native lands these tropical plants have jobs to do. Fiddle Leaf Figs can find themselves unwittingly providing food for a variety of common pests, these include mealybugs, scale, mites, whiteflies, and aphids. Earwigs don’t really pose a threat to fig trees but they will eat the fruit. The larvae are easily recognizable as 2-inch (5 cm.) Rejuvenate indoor and outdoor plants yearly with these step-by-step instructions. With these issues, you might notice leaf damage, such as spots or dark patches, as well as small bugs on the leaves. Ficus lyrata leaves and pot, drainage,garden tools, soil on wooden floor. Whichever method you choose, make sure the roots aren’t sitting in excess water for an extended amount of time. First-time owners of these plants are prone to overwatering, which can lead to health issues such as root rot. Keep your fiddle leaf fig tree alive and well with these tips. Common Pests and Diseases . You’ve probably seen two kinds of fiddle leaf figs — the tall, tree-like type with a long, bare trunk, and the short bushy type with leaves that start at the base. These exotic tropical plants are easy to grow if you give them what they need, and they make baby plants you can share with your gardening buddies. If this is the case, take a wet washcloth and gently wipe down each leaf. The common fig is a deciduous tree to shrub cultivated for its delicious “fruit.” Fig fruit is not actually a fruit but rather a syconium, or a fleshy hollow area with tiny flowers on its interior walls. These plants don’t have serious pest or disease issues, but they can be prone to spider mites, scale, and bacterial or fungal diseases. The hot houseplant of the moment (or really, of the last few years), the fiddle leaf fig makes a gorgeous, architectural statement in any room of the house. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Brown spots, infections, watering issues, fertilization, and more. Whichever method you choose, make sure the roots aren’t sitting in excess water for an extended amount of time. Downside: older specimens appear scraggy because the leaves are held only at the end of branches. Sign up for our newsletter. Here’s the bad news: You may have a case of spider mites, which reproduce quickly, so the time to take action is NOW. No need to fertilize in the fall and winter when the plant is dormant. Rotted roots are brown and soft, healthy roots are white and firm. Continue to dust the leaves like this every month to keep spider mites and other pests at bay and your fiddle looking it's shiny-leaf best. But while this lush plant, with its shiny, violin-shaped leaves, is stunning, it can be hard to keep alive. Remove root ball from the old pot and cut out any brown, rotten roots. If left unidentified and untreated, pests and diseases can cause massive and some times irreversible damage to your beloved plant. Distressed leaves will eventually fall off, leaving bare branches behind. The hot houseplant of the moment (or really, of the last few years), the fiddle leaf fig makes a gorgeous, architectural statement in any room of the house. There are also other varieties of the plant that don't grow as tall and are bushier, such as 'Suncoast' and 'Compacta,' if you're going for a different look. A condition that might impede their longevity is pest infestation on fig trees. You can do this one of two ways. Got a frazzled fern or a distressed dieffenbachia? This fact, however, in no way hindered its other partner and co-partner on this planet, the Homo Genus than to chasten it, using it widely as an ornamental plant.. By the presentation of the ornamental dimension of Ficus lyrata, the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ deals with this article. I chose to propagate a Fiddle Leaf Fig in water. ☀️ Your Fiddle Leaf Fig will grow best with consistent, bright, filtered light. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. When the traps have done most of the work of ridding the tree of beetles, spray the tree with an insecticide containing malathion in a sugar/water solution according to the manufacturer’s instructions. In the tropics, nematodes are battled by planting the fig close to a wall or building to allow the roots to grow beneath the edifice, thwarting nematode damage. Both the Pacific spider mite and two-spotted spider mite may afflict a fig tree. They are both yellowish green with black spots. Mealy Bugs are hitchhiking on other plants and are often brought into apartments that way. Here’s what you need to know to keep them healthy. Plant parents have fretted over browning edges, root rot, and falling leaves. Assess root damage and remove rotted sections. When your plant starts to look too big for its pot or the roots are starting to grow out of the drainage holes, it’s time to repot – usually every one to two years. Generally the healthier your FLF is, the less it will be a victim of a pest attack. No lucky charms needed for this easy-to-grow little plant. Wearing gloves, use sharp, clean pruning shears and cut the stem of the leaf at an angle, about half an inch away from the trunk. Fiddle leaf figs are decently happy as root bound plants and will do just fine in the pot you bought it in. This is the most painless way to propagate and most fun to watch. All rights reserved. It's a banyan fig, which means that it begins its life high in the branches of another tree, then sends its roots down to the ground where it slowly strangles the host tree to death. The fiddle leaf fig tree features heavily-veined, oval-shaped leaves that grow upright. By allowing the soil to dry out in between waterings, pathogens starve and your plant lives to see another day. Oct 3, 2020 - Fiddle Leaf Fig Plants sometimes come with many issues. If webbing appears between branches and leaves, it’s a tell-tale sign of a spider mite invasion. Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. The cause of fiddle leaf brown spots turning into tiny holes is pest infestation. Ficus lyrata, the Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, also belongs to the Ficus Great of Stranglers Genus.. Tip: The drive home and relocation process may put your plant into shock, but you likely won't notice it for a month or two. Spider mites are the bane of my existence and they are one of the most common fiddle leaf fig pests and diseases. Unfortunately, in the case of the darkling ground beetle, there is no biological or chemical control. The number one way to kill a fiddle leaf fig is to overwater it or not allow for proper drainage. Water sparingly. There are several plans of attack when treating bugs on figs. Inspect the plant for pests … They also thrive in a lot (and we mean A LOT) of very bright, indirect light. Pests: Scale and Spider mite are the most common pests to invade a Fiddle Leaf. I … The counterintuitive good news, though, is that fiddle leaf fig favors conditions that are not conducive to fungus gnats. Spider mites do have some predatory insects, such as predaceous mites and six-spotted thrips, that will kill them; otherwise, smother them with a horticultural oil mixed with water or a pesticide that has bifenazate in it. Treating bugs, such as dried fruit beetles or spider mites on figs, may require spraying. Insecticide can be squirted into the tunnels with a syringe, which is time consuming and exacting. Don't live in a greenhouse? Water your plant about once a week or every 10 days. Indoor Plants Pests - Mealybugs on Fiddle Leaf Fig Trees - Duration: 4:17. Take the plant outside or to the bathtub, water it and let it drip for an hour or two, then bring it back in. These ¼ inch (6 mm. VanWilgens 2,359 views. Gnats are another common nuisance associated with vertical or indoor gardens. You’ll likely notice that the leaves on your new plant are covered in water spots and dust. Join the party! In feeding off the plant, they rob vital nutrients from the plant itself. We’ll talk more about repotting later but, for now, just place it inside a larger decorative container or basket and disguise the plastic store-bought pot with some decorative moss. If it’s still wet, leave it alone. This allows for drainage and prevents rot while also facilitating necessary humidity. Look out for small brown insects that cling to stems and leaves, secreting a sticky residue on the plant which will indicate scale. Not every pest is controllable, however. Fiddle Leaf figs are prone to different pests and are quite susceptible. These tropical plants thrive in very warm and humid conditions, but growing them at home can be somewhat challenging. Privacy Policy. If you want to shape your plant, do so in the spring when it has plenty of time and energy to regrow. If you don't want to carry your FLF back and forth to be watered, set it up on a plant stand over a drip tray. The fiddle leaf fig is native to western Africa and grows naturally in a lowland rainforest environment. But fear not – with a few simple steps you can have your Fiddle Leaf healthy again. If neither of those is the culprit, give your FLF love and time to adjust to its new environment. The bug was a common household insect that feeds on the green innards of plants’ leaves. Like with all big-leafed plants, I recommend cleaning their …